Status of Tigers in India Report

  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released a detailed ‘Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey in India (2018) Report’ on the eve of the Global Tiger Day (29th July).
  • The report compares information obtained from the earlier three tiger surveys (2006, 2010, and 2014) with data obtained from the 2018-19 survey to estimate tiger population trends at country level.
  • India’s Project Tiger was launched in 1973 with 9 tiger reserves.
  • India has 70% of the world’s tiger population; it is tirelessly working with all 13 tiger range countries towards nurturing the tiger.

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Highlights of the report

  1. The national tiger status assessment of 2018-19 estimated the overall tiger population in India at 2,967 – 33% increase from 2014 (2,226).
  2. Tigers were observed to be increasing at a rate of 6% per annum in India from 2006 to 2018.
  3. Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
  4. The Northeast has suffered losses in population.
  5. Further, the tiger status in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha has steadily declined, which is a matter of concern.
  6. With 2,967 tigers, India is four years in advance, has achieved the target set in the 2010 St Petersburg Declaration of doubling tiger population by 2022.

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