- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released a detailed ‘Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey in India (2018) Report’ on the eve of the Global Tiger Day (29th July).
- The report compares information obtained from the earlier three tiger surveys (2006, 2010, and 2014) with data obtained from the 2018-19 survey to estimate tiger population trends at country level.
- India’s Project Tiger was launched in 1973 with 9 tiger reserves.
- India has 70% of the world’s tiger population; it is tirelessly working with all 13 tiger range countries towards nurturing the tiger.
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Highlights of the report
- The national tiger status assessment of 2018-19 estimated the overall tiger population in India at 2,967 – 33% increase from 2014 (2,226).
- Tigers were observed to be increasing at a rate of 6% per annum in India from 2006 to 2018.
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
- The Northeast has suffered losses in population.
- Further, the tiger status in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha has steadily declined, which is a matter of concern.
- With 2,967 tigers, India is four years in advance, has achieved the target set in the 2010 St Petersburg Declaration of doubling tiger population by 2022.
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