ART & ARCHITECTURE IN ANCIENT INDIA Art of sculpture Ancient India witnessed remarkable progress in the art of sculpture. The three important schools namely- Gandhara, Mathura and Amravati grew and progressed during ancient India. Each of these schools has occupied a commanding place in the field of Indian sculpture and has contributed towards its growth … Read more ART & ARCHITECTURE IN ANCIENT INDIA


From the middle of the sixth century A.D., the history of South India is virtually the story of mutual conflicts among three powers, each seeking constantly to extend its empire at the expense of its neighbours. This went on for about three hundred years. The three powers were the Chalukyas of Badami, the Pallavas of … Read more POST-GUPTA PERIOD IN SOUTH INDIA


By the middle of the 6th century a line of Gupta rulers with the same surname, but not connected in the official genealogy with the line, ruled in Magadha. In fact, the name ending “Gupta” may have been cho- sen and cherised by the Later Guptas in an attempt to bring the family closer, in … Read more LATER GUPTAS PERIODS (7-12 CENTURY)


The Satavahana acted as a stabilizing factor in the Deccan and south to which they gave political unity and prosperity, after the breakup of Mauryan Empire, the Satavahana and Kushana emerged as two large Political Powers.The Kushanas performed the same role in the north. Both these empires came to an end in the middle of … Read more THE GUPTA PERIOD


Megalithic Culture and the Pre-Sangam Era The Neolithic-Chalcolithic amalgam which seems to have been round about 2000 B.C. continued upto about the middle of the first millennium B.C. It was then overlapped by the Megalithic culture inhabited by the megaliths builder. They are known not from their actual settlement which is rare but from their … Read more HISTORY OF SOUTH INDIA


The Age of the Sungas and the Satvahanas: In eastern India, Central India and the Deccan, the Mauryans were succeeded by a number of native rulers such as the Sungas, Satvahanas, etc. In north-western India they were succeeded by a number of ruling dynasties from Central Asia.   7.1 The Sunga Dynasty (185 B.C to … Read more POST MAURYAN KINGDOMS


Rise of the Mauryans The closeness to the source of natural resources like iron ores enabled the Magadhan princes to equip themselves with weapons, Agricultural tools of iron, which increased production and added to royal taxation alongwith the alluvial soil of Gangatic plains and sufficient rainfall which were very conducive for agricultural practices and rise … Read more THE MAURYANS


The Mahājanapadas were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE. Two of them were most probably ganatantras and others had forms of monarchy. From the 16th century onwards, the widespread use of Iron in eastern U.P. and western Bihar created conditions for the formation of … Read more THE MAHAJANAPADAS


What are the causes for the growth of Buddhism and Jainism? The Vedic rituals were expensive and the sacrifices prescribed were very complicated and had lost their meaning, the caste system had become rigid. Supremacy of the Brahmins created unrest and all the religious texts were in Sanskrit, which was not understandable to the masses. … Read more BUDDHISM AND JAINISM


The Vedic Period or the Vedic Age refers to that time period when the Vedic Sanskrit texts were composed in India. The society that emerged during that time is known as the Vedic Period, or the Vedic Age, Civilization. The Vedic Civilization flourished between the 1500 BC and 500 BC on the Indo-Gangetic Plains of … Read more THE VEDIC CIVILIZATION


The Indus Valley civilization was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River in what is now Pakistan and north-western India. Among other names for this civilization is the Harappan civilization in reference to the first excavated city of Harappa. An alternative term for the culture is Saraswati- Sindhu civilization based … Read more INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION

Chalcolithic Period (The Bronze Age)

About 5,000 years ago the man started using bronze along with the stone. Now the man had developed to a great extent. The population was mainly urban including the priests, writers and clerks during this stage. Though the tools available suggest that there was over-lapping in use of stone and the metal, the similarity in … Read more Chalcolithic Period (The Bronze Age)

Neolithic Era (6000 B.C.–1000 B.C)

The stone of the tools is refined in this age. The weapons and tools are sharper and refined. These are scattered in north, south, east and western India. By this time the man had control over the supply of food. He cultivated and bred animals. The age was still called barbaric age. The spinning wheel, … Read more Neolithic Era (6000 B.C.–1000 B.C)

Mesolithic Era (8000 B.C.–6000 B.C)

With the end of the Ice Age and the Upper Paleolithic Age around 9000 B.C., the climate became warm and dry. Climatic changes brought about changes in flora and fauna and made it possible for human beings to move to new areas. In 9000 B.C. began an intermediate stage in Stone Age culture, which is … Read more Mesolithic Era (8000 B.C.–6000 B.C)


India or Bharatvarsa is bounded on north by Himalayas and on the south by ocean. A part of Jambudvipa, the scriptures called it Bharatvarsa or where the descendants of Bharatas live. The name Hindu or India is given by the Persians. They call it Hafta-Hindu or Sapta-Sindhu, a land watered by the river Sindhu. The … Read more INDIAN PRE-HISTORY