UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Geography Optional Test 5 English

UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Geography Optional Test 5 English: UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Test Series for General studies: UPHESC Assistant Professor Recruitment 2021- Uttar Pradesh Higher Education Services Commission has started accepting online application form for 2003 vacancies for Assistant Professor Posts on its official website @uphesconline.org from 27th February 2021. The notice includes the dates and events for UPHESC recruitment. UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Geography Optional Test 4.

UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Test Series for Geography Optional and General Studies– Click here

U. P. HIGHER EDUCATION SERVICES COMMISSION, PRAYAGRAJ

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1. Which of the following positions does India occupy in the world with regard to plant diversity?

(a) Fourth

(b) Sixth

(c) Tenth

(d) Twelfth

2. From the point of view of natural vegetation and wildlife, India belongs to which of the following categories?

(a) One of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world

(b) The richest wildlife zone in the world

(c) The country with the greatest forest cover

(d) A country lacking in biodiversity cover

3. Which one of the following is not included in the group of non-flowering plants?

(a) Ferns

(b) Orchids

(c) Algae

(d) Fungi

4. Which of the following types of vegetation does not belong to the category of natural vegetation?

(a) Forests

(b) Mangroves

(c) Horticulture

(d) Grasslands

5. Which of the following terms is used for the original plant cover of an area which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time?

(a) Natural vegetation

(b) Agriculture

(c) Gardens

(d) Plantations

6. Which of the following terms is used for a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and interference?

(a) Orchards

(b) Virgin vegetation

(c) Cultivated fields

(d) Plantations

7. Which of the following terms is used for plants which are at present part of natural vegetation but have originally come to India from abroad?

(a) Indigenous plants

(b) Endemic species

(c) Endangered plants

(d) Exotic plants

8. Which of the following terms is used for virgin vegetation which is purely Indian in origin?

(a) Endangered species

(b) Endemic species

(c) Exotic species

(d) Normal species

9. Which of the following terms is used to denote plants of a particular region or period?

(a) Ferns

(b) Flora

(c) Fauna

(d) None of the above

10. Which of the following terms is used to denote animal species of a particular region or period?

(a) Fern

(b) Flora

(c) Fauna

(d) None of these

11. Which of the following factors influence the type and distribution of natural vegetation?

(a) Landforms

(b) Soil

(c) Climate

(d) All the above

12. Which of the following types of vegetation is common in fertile, level lands?

(a) Forests

(b) Grasslands

(c) Mangroves

(d) Cultivated crops

13. Which of the following types of vegetation usually develops on undulating and rough terrains?

(a) Grasslands and woodlands

(b) Mangroves

(c) Cactus and thorny bushed

(d) Cultivated crops

14. Which of the following types of vegetation grows in the sandy soil of the desert?

(a) Coniferous trees

(b) Grasslands

(c) Cactus and thorny bushes

(d) Mangroves

15. Which of the following types of vegetation grows in wet, marshy soil?

(a) Grasslands

(b) Mangroves

(c) Cactus

(d) Alpine vegetation

16. The character and extent of vegetation are mainly determined by which of the climatic factors?

(a) Temperature

(b) Humidity

(c) Precipitation

(d) All the above

17. Due to which of the following reasons does the vegetation on the slopes of the Himalayas and the hills of the peninsula above the height of 915 meters change from tropical to subtropical, temperate and alpine vegetation?

(a) Soil

(b) High humidity

(c) Fall in temperature

(d) Very heavy rainfall

18. Which of the following types of vegetation grows in areas with mean annual average temperature of above 24°C?

(a) Tropical

(b) Subtropical

(c) Temperate

(d) Alpine

19. Which of the following types of vegetation zones is found in the higher reaches of the Himalayas with mean annual average temperature below 7°C?

(a) Tropical

(b) Subtropical

(c) Alpine

(d) Temperate

20. Trees grow faster in which of the following seasons?

(a) Winter

(b) Summer

(c) Rainy season

(d) Autumn

21. Why are the southern slopes in Himalayan region covered with thick vegetation as compared to northern slopes of the same hills?

(a) On account of more exposure to sunlight

(b) On account of more precipitation

(c) On account of less exposure to colder winds

(d) All the above

22. Why are the western slopes of the Western Ghats covered with thick forests and not the eastern slopes?

(a) On account of more precipitation

(b) On account of less exposure to cold winds

(c) On account of more exposure to sunlight

(d) All the above

23. Which of the following types of resources can forests are considered as?

(a) Exhaustible resources

(b) Non-renewable resources

(c) Renewable resources

(d) Abiotic resources

24. How do forests influence the climate of a place?

(a) Modify local climate

(b) Control wind force and temperature

(c) Cause rainfall

(d) All the above

25. By which of the following ways do forests control the soil cover of an area?

(a) Control soil erosion

(b) Provide humus to the soil

(c) Regulate stream flow

(d) All the above

26. Due to which of the following reasons has the vegetation of most of the areas been modified or replaced or degraded?

(a) Shelter to wildlife

(b) Human occupancy

(c) Soil erosion

(d) Change of climate

27. India’s natural vegetation has undergone many changes due to which of the following factors?

(a) Growing demands for cultivated land

(b) Development of industries and mining

(c) Overgrazing of pastures

(d) All the above

28. Which of the following states and union territories of India has the largest percentage of its area under forest cover?

(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) Madhya Pradesh

29. Which of the following states of India has the least percentage of its area under forest cover?

(a) Assam

(b) Punjab

(c) Himachal Pradesh

(d) Sikkim

30. Which of the following states of India has the largest percentage of the area under forest cover?

(a) Maharashtra

(b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Nagaland

(d) Orissa

31. Ebony, mahogany and rosewood trees are grown in which type of the following forests?

(a) Deciduous forest

(b) Tropical rainforest

(c) Tropical thorn forest

(d) Coniferous forest

32. At which of the following places are Royal Bengal tigers found?

(a) Mahanadi delta

(b) Godavari delta

(c) Kaveri delta

(d) Sunderbans delta

33. Moist tropical deciduous forests are more prominent in the eastern and central parts of India because:

(a) Most of the rivers are found in these parts.

(b) The soil is ideally suited for such activities

(c) These areas experience 100 to 200 cm of annual rainfall

(d) There is commercial significance of such forests in these areas.

34. The yak, shaggy-horned wild ox and the Tibetan antelope are found in which one of the following regions?

(a) Tibet

(b) Uttarakhand

(c) Himachal Pradesh

(d) Ladakh

35. Which among the following natural vegetation is most predominant in India?

(a) Tropical deciduous forest

(b) Alpine forest

(c) Thorny bushes

(d) Mangrove forest

36. Which one of the following is the Biosphere Reserve of India?

(a) Gir

(b) Nilgiri

(c) Kanheri

(d) None of these

37. Where in India do flamingos migrate to nest in large numbers?

(a) Thar

(b) Rann of Kachch

(c) Coastal areas

(d) Himalayas

38. Which forest is affected by tides in coastal areas?

(a) Alpine

(b) Coniferous

(c) Deciduous

(d) Mangroves

39. Dachigam in Jammu and Kashmir is a

(a) National Park

(b) Wildlife Sanctuary

(c) Bird Sanctuary

(d) Reserve Forest

40. Plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for long time is termed as:

(a) Tundra vegetation

(b) Virgin vegetation

(c) Taiga plants

(d) None of the above

41. Which one of the following trees are found in tropical rainforests?

(a) Mahogany

(b) Teak

(c) Sal

(d) Peepal

42. Which parts of Himalayas are covered with dense forest?

(a) Northern

(b) Eastern

(c) Western

(d) Southern

43. How many types of plant species are found in India?

(a) About 45,000

(b) About 40,000

(c) About 47,000

(d) About 20,000

44. In which of the following states is Dachigam wildlife sanctuary located?

(a) Jammu and Kashmir

(b) Punjab

(c) Himachal Pradesh

(d) Uttarakhand

45. Which one of the following states does not have the Tropical deciduous forests?

(a) Jharkhand

(b) Western Orissa

(c) Chhattisgarh

(d) Rajasthan

46. Ebony, Mahogany and Rosewood trees are grown in which of the following forests?

(a) Coniferous forests

(b) Tropical rainforest

(c) Tropical thorn forest

(d) Deciduous forest

47. The elephants are found in the hot-wet forests of

(a) Punjab and Haryana

(b) Rajasthan and Gujarat

(c) West Bengal and Jharkhand

(d) Assam and Karnataka

48. Which of the following is not an important tree of tropical rainforest?

(a) Ebony

(b) Rosewood

(c) Mahogany

(d) Sandalwood

49. Which one of the following animals lives in the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal?

(a) Tiger

(b) Lion

(c) One-horned Rhino

(d) Elephants

50. A very large ecosystem on land having distinct type of vegetation and wildlife is called

(a) Ecology

(b) Biome

(c) Biodiversity

(d) Biosphere reserve

51. Which medicinal plant has high antibiotic and antibacterial properties?

(a) Sarpagandha

(b) Neem

(c) Kachnar

(d) Babool

52. The Yak (ox) and the Bharal are found in

(a) Uttarakhand

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Jammu and Kashmir

(d) Ladakh

53. Silver fir is found in the following type of vegetation zone:

(a) Mangrove forests

(b) Thorn forests

(c) Montane

(d) Deciduous forest

54. Trees in a thorn forest are:

(a) Tall

(b) Dense

(c) Scattered

(d) None of these

55. Which is the natural habitat of the Indian lion?

(a) Sunderbans delta in Bengal

(b) Gir forest in Gujarat

(c) Thorn forest in Rajasthan

(d) Deciduous forest in Madhya Pradesh

56. Which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?

(a) Tundra

(b) Tidal

(c) Himalayan

(d) Tropical evergreen

57. Which of the following trees is used for treating blood pressure?

(a) Jamun

(b) Tidal

(c) Neem

(d) Sarpagandha

58. Which of the following forests is found in heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats, island groups and upper parts of Assam?

(a) Tropical evergreen

(b) Tropical deciduous

(c) Mountain forest

(d) Tidal forests

59. Ebony and rosewood trees are found in the areas of rainfall:

(a) More than 200 cm

(b) More than 100 cm

(c) More than 70 cm

(d) Less than 50 cm

60. In which of the following parts of India evergreen forests are found?

(a) Assam

(b) Rajasthan

(c) Orissa

(d) Uttar Pradesh

61. Tropical rainforests grow well in areas receiving __________ rainfall.

(a) 200 cm

(b) 150 cm

(c) 100 cm

(d) 70 cm

62. Most widespread vegetation in India is

(a) Coniferous forests

(b) Tropical rainforests

(c) Tropical deciduous forests

(d) Mangrove forests

63. In which year Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in India?

(a) 1952

(b) 1962

(c) 1972

(d) 1982

64. Ebony, mahogany, rosewood, rubber and cinchona are the important trees of?

(a) Tropical deciduous forests

(b) Mangrove forests

(c) Tropical evergreen forests

(d) Montane forests

65. Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network bio-reserve?

(a) Manas

(b) Sunderbans

(c) Gulf of Mannar

(d) Nanda Devi

66. Which of the following types of natural vegetation have originally come to India from abroad?

(a) Rare species

(b) Endemic Species

(c) Endangered species

(d) Exotic Species

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