UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-53

Q.1) Pollution is defined as an addition or excessive addition of certain materials to the physical environment. With reference to this consider the following statements:

1. Primary pollutants persist in the form in which they are added to the environment

2. Secondary Pollutants are formed by interaction among the primary pollutants.

3. Qualitative Pollutants do not occur in nature and are man-made

Which of the above statement is/are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) None of the above

Q.1) Solution (d)

Q.2) Indian cities are reeling under multiple problems, including environmental issues.

What are the major causes of pollution in Indian cities?

1. Crop burning

2. Vehicular emission

3. Poor waste management

4. Loss of tree cover

5. Construction activities

Choose correct option from below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 3 and 4 only

c) 1 and 4 only

d) All of the above.

Q.2) Solution (d)

Q.3) Consider the following statements with respect to short lived climate pollutants (SLCP):

1. The main short-lived climate pollutants are black carbon, methane, tropospheric ozone, and fluorinated gases

2. SLCP’S contribute very less to climate change per molecule emitted as compared to Greenhouse gases

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Solution (a)

Q.4) Climate change performance Index is issued by?

a) IPCCC

b) UNFCCC

c) Germanwatch

d) UNEP

Q.4) Solution (c)

Q.5) Sahara forest project (SFP) is related with?

a) Rejuvenation of degraded forest in Africa

b) Combating desertification and development

c) Reversing Coral bleaching

d) Livelihood programme for Saharan Tribes

Q.5) Solution (b)

Q.6) Consider the following statements in the context of UNFCCC summits:

1. The Ocean Pathway was successfully launched in COP23 in Bonn with a strategy for 2020 supporting the goals of the Paris Agreement

2. Fiji Momentum for Implementation outlined the steps that need to be taken in 2018 to make the Paris Agreement operational

3. Talanoa dialogue is a facilitative dialogue among Parties to take stock of the collective efforts of Parties in relation to Paris agreement

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.6) Solution (d)

Q.7) The first ever Gender Action Plan (GAP) is related to?

a) UNFCCC

b) Lima work programmes

c) Sustainable development goals

d) Both a and b

Q.7) Solution (d)

At COP 25 Parties agreed a 5-year enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan GAP priority areas:

The enhanced gender action plan sets out objectives and activities under five priority areas that aim to advance knowledge and understanding of gender-responsive climate action and its coherent mainstreaming in the implementation of the UNFCCC and the work of Parties, the secretariat, United Nations entities and all stakeholders at all levels, as well as women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in the UNFCCC process.

Q.8) Consider the following statements with respect to Mission Innovation (MI):

1. MI is a global initiative working to accelerate clean energy innovation

2. MI seeks to double investments in clean energy innovation over five years.

3. Ministry of forest and climate change is nodal agency of this mission in India

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) None of the above

Q.8) Solution (b)

Q.9) Recently, new Moth species has been discovered in this wildlife sanctuary, it lies between Subansiri, sipu and Pange Rivers. Both sub-tropical and temperate vegetation is found here and it is also one of home to clouded leopard.

The above description is of which wildlife sanctuary?

a) Pakke wildlife reserve

b) Talle wildlife reserve

c) Manas Park

d) Kaziranga Park

Q.9) Solution (b)

Q.10) Red Sanders are in news for smuggling across borders. With reference to this consider the following statements:

1. Red Sanders is an endemic tree of South India.

2. They are found in Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest of the Nilgiri hill ranges

3. IUCN has put it under the category of endangered species

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.10) Solution (a)

Q.11) Secure Himalaya project is launched by?

1. UNEP

2. UNDP

3. MOEFCCC

4. IUCN

Choose correct option from below:

a) 2 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above.

Q.11) Solution (c)

Q.12) This protected Area has the complex and fragile mangrove ecosystem and the endangered flora, fauna associated with it. It is declared as Ramsar site and is one of largest home to endangered crocodile species. It also has Marine sanctuary associated with it. The above description refers to which protected Area?

a) Chambal Basin

b) Bhitarkanika

c) Kolleru lake

d) Sunderbans

Q.12) Solution (b)

Q.13) Consider the following statements with respect to Biodiversity Heritage sites:

1. They are well defined areas that are unique, ecologically fragile Inland water ecosystems only

2. Ameenpur Lake became the first water body in the country to be declared a Biodiversity Heritage Site.

3. Under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (BDA) the State Government in consultation with local bodies notifies Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS)

Which of the above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.13) Solution (c)

Q.14) Recently government of India has brought new Wetland conservation rules; in this respect consider the following statements:

1. Under the new rules, the central government has empowered the states and union territories to identify and manage their wetlands.

2. Central Wetlands Regulatory Authority (CWRA) replaced National Wetlands Committee

3. This new rules are applicable only to Wetlands categorised as ‘wetlands of international importance’ under the Ramsar Convention

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.14) Solution (a)

Q.15) Consider the following statements with respect to PERMACULTURE:

1. It is the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems

2. It incorporates traditional farming practices with modern technological and scientific knowledge to create efficient systems.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.15) Solution (c)

Q.16) With respect to the Boreal biome, consider the following statements:

1. Soils in the Boreal ecosystem are acidic and poor in nutrients.

2. The southern most part of the boreal ecosystem is flanked by tree line.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.16) Solution (a)

Q.17) the term stratification in Ecology refers to?

a) Vertical zones in an aquatic ecosystem with varying levels of salinity.

b) Arrangement of essential minerals in the soil.

c) Decrease in populations of species down a food chain

d) Vertical distribution of different species occupying different levels.

Q.17) Solution (d)

Q.18) consider the following statements with reference to Ecotypes:

1. Ecotypes differ from each other on the basis of morphological and physiological characters.

2. Different ecotypes of a species are inter- fertile

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.18) Solution (c)

Q.19) Room Of The River Project is recently seen in News, It is related with?

a) Hydro power generation

b) Wetland conservation

c) Flood mitigation

d) Dam safety

Q.19) Solution (c)

Q.20) Consider the following statements:

1. Sumatran Rhino is the only Asian Rhino with two horns.

2. Sumatran Rhino’s IUCN status is Critically Endangered

3. The Sumatran rhino has become extinct in Malaysia

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.20) Solution (d)

Q.21) With reference to National Health Authority (NHA), Consider the following statements:

1. National Health Authority (NHA) is the apex body responsible for implementing PM-JAY.

2. To implement the scheme at the State level, State Health Agencies (SHAs) have been set up by respective States.

3. It determines the central ceiling for premium per family per year to be provided to the States/UTs.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.21) Solution (d)

Q.22) which of the following statement is/are correct regarding Indian Initiative on Earth BioGenome Sequencing (IIEBS)?

1. It is a nationwide project to decode the genetic information of all known species of plants and animals in the country.

2. This Project is part of the Earth BioGenome Project.

3. National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi is the coordinating centre of this project.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.22) Solution (d)

Q.23) which of the following statement is/are not correct regarding Ways and Means Advances (WMA)?

1. It is the temporary loan facility provided by the RBI to the central and the state governments.

2. The return time period for the WMA is 2 years.

3. If the WMA exceeds 2 years, it would be treated as an overdraft.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.23) Solution (c)

Q.24) Consider the following statements:

1. The place of effective management (POEM) is a place where key management and commercial decisions that are necessary for the conduct of the business are made.

2. The company qualifies as a resident of India in any previous years if the company’s POEM during the financial year is in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.24) Solution (d)

Q.25) With reference to Swamitva Yojana, Consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative of Ministry of Panchayati Raj

2. Property Cards will be prepared and given to respective land owners under this scheme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.25) Solution (c)

Q.26) Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) coming from which of the following countries is allowed only through “Government Approval Route”?

1. China

2. Nepal

3. Bhutan

Select the correct code:

a) 1 Only

b) 1 and 2

c) 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.26) Solution (d)

Q.27) Unlike in the past, when the RBI used its repo rate as the main instrument to tweak the interest rates, recently, it is the reverse repo rate that is effectively setting the benchmark. What are the reasons for reverse repo rate becoming the benchmark interest rate in the economy?

1. Decelerating Economy

2. Lower consumer demand

3. Too much liquidity with banks

Select the correct code:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.27) Solution (d)

Q.28) the terms ‘NL63, OC43 and HKU1’ were in news recently. What are they?

a) Malware and Spyware

b) Coronaviruses

c) Proteins used in Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)

d) Recently discovered exoplanets

Q.28) Solution (b)

Q.29) the Indian basket of Crude Oil represents a derived basket comprising of

1. Oman & Dubai average

2. Brent Crude

3. West Texas Intermediate

Select the correct code:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.29) Solution (a)

Q.30 India has a currency swap agreement with

1. UAE

2. Japan

3. USA

Select the correct code:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 Only

c) 2 and 3

d) 1 and 3

Q.30) Solution (a)

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