UPSC (IAS) Prelims Exam 2021 is near and its time for final notes study. Check important Government Schemes launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development which can be asked in the UPSC (IAS) Prelims Exam 2021.
Check this list of important Government Schemes launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development which are important for the UPSC (IAS) Prelims Exam 2021. Ministry of Women and Child Development have been constantly working to uplift and support girl education, women’s independence, financial stability of women, protecting the health and safety rights of women and children. Various schemes are launched by the ministry to take action and plans better living conditions for women and children of the country. These schemes are often asked by the UPSC in the Civil Services Prelims and Mains exams 2021. Hence, it is essential to know each scheme/yojana in detail.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)
- Launched in January 2015 at Panipat in Haryana.
- The scheme is aimed at promoting gender equality and the significance of educating girls.
- Tri-ministerial effort of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
- Not a DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) scheme.
Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs)
- Aimed to link police and community and help women in distress
- Haryana is the first state to adopt the initiative at Karnal and Mahindergarh District on a pilot basis under Nirbhaya Fund during the financial year 2016-2017.
- A joint initiative with the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
- One Mahila Police Volunteer (MPV) is envisaged per Gram Panchayat across the country
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- A maternity benefit rechristened from erstwhile Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY).
- Launched in 2010.
- Implemented in all the districts of the country in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
- PMMVY benefits are available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) except those in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which cost-sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40
- In the North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States, the cost-sharing ratio is 90:10
- SHe-Box, the online portal to report complaints of Sexual Harassment at the Workplace,
- Implemented at all the Central Ministries, Departments and 653 districts across 33 States/Union Territories.
- Once a complaint is submitted at the portal, it will be directed to the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) of the concerned Ministry/Department/PSU/Autonomous Body, etc. having jurisdiction to inquire into the complaint. Through this portal, WCD, as well as complainant, can monitor the progress of inquiry conducted by the ICC.
- Covers students in schools and colleges as well as patients in hospitals,
- Recently inaugurated widows’ home ‘Krishna Kutir’ at Vrindavan in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.
- The construction of the home was funded by Central Government and it will be managed by the Uttar Pradesh Government.
- A special home for 1000 widows set under Swadhar Greh scheme
Swadhar Greh Scheme
- Launched by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2002 for the rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances.
- The benefit of the scheme could be availed by women above 18 years of age
- An initiative of WCD Ministry and NITI Aayog is supported by 18 line Ministries/Departments/Government Organizations.
- Seeks to synergize all efforts by leveraging technology and intends to take nutrition awareness to the level of Jan Andolan or People’s Movement.
- POSHAN stands for Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition
- Vision to ensure the attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022.
- The objective of POSHAN Abhiyaan to reduce stunting in identified Districts of India with the highest malnutrition burden by improving the utilization of key Anganwadi Services and improving the quality of Anganwadi Services delivery.
Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme – Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Campaign
Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme is a small saving scheme under the Government of India targeting the parents of any girl children. This scheme focuses on encouraging the parents of the female child for building a fund for their future education and marriage expenses. Also known as Sukanya Samriddhi Account, this scheme was launched by PM Narendra Modi as a part of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign. It was launched on 22nd January 2015 in Panipat, Haryana.
The Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme provided an interest rate of 8.4% and tax benefits to every account opened under it for July-September 2019. The Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened at any Post office or branch of authorized commercial banks in the country.
What is Beti Bachao, Beti Padao Yojana?
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana is a campaign under the Government of India that was established for generating awareness and improving the efficiency of the welfare services intended for girls in India. This scheme was launched by PM Narendra Modi on 22 January 2015 which is run jointly by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign is a national initiative jointly which aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio image (CSR).
Initially, this scheme was launched with funding of ₹100 crores and targeted mainly to the clusters in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Bihar, and Delhi.
A National Executive Committee has been formed by the Bharatiya Janata Party to promote Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) across the country. National Executive Committee is responsible for organizing several programs to promote “Save Girl Child” and “to Educate Girl Child” since January 2015. Dr. Rajendra Phadke is the National Convener of BBBP Abhiyan.
As per the census data in India, in 2001, the child sex ratio (0-6 years) in India was 927 girls per 1,000 boys and in 2011, it dropped to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys. As per the 2012 reports of UNICEF, India ranked 41st among 195 countries and a population census of 2011, revealed that the population ratio of India is 919 females per 1000 of males.
Objectives of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
As per the 2011 national census, the reduction in the number of the female population of certain Indian states continued to decrease. This, as a result, led to the establishment of this campaign.
The main objectives of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana are:
- To prevent gender-biased sex selective elimination.
- To ensure the protection and survival of the girl child.
- Ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
Strategies of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
- To promote education and create equal value for the girl child through proper implementation of a sustained social mobilization and communication campaign
- To focus and improve the issues of declination in CSR/SRB in public discourse which would be an indicator for good governance.
- To focus on gender critical districts and cities low on CSR for intensive & integrated action and engaging with communities to challenge gender stereotypes and social norms.
- Adopting innovative interventions by the districts as per their local needs, context, and sensibilities.
- To ensure the services of various schemes & programmes that are sufficiently responsive to the issues of gender and children’s rights.
How to open a Sukanya Samriddhi Account?
Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened by the legal guardians of the girl child starting from her birth till she attains the age of ten and there can only be one account per child. The minimum amount for opening an account under this scheme is Rs.250 and later, any amount in multiples of a hundred can be deposited. Amounts can be deposited for 15 years into the Sukanya Samriddhi account and remain operative for 21 years from the date of opening of the account. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is one of the most high-paying investment options in the fixed income segment. The birth certificate of the girl child along with other ID proofs should be submitted to the bank while opening the account.
Eligibility for Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Account
The eligibility criteria for opening an account under Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana are as follows:
- Only parents or legal guardians of the girl child can open a Sukanya Samriddhi account in the name of the girl.
- The girl child should be less than 10 years at the time of account opening which will be operative till the girl reaches the age of 21 years.
- The initial investment for opening an account is Rs. 250 which can reach a maximum amount of Rs. 1,50,000 annually with further deposits in the multiples of Rs. 100.
- There can be only one account per child under the Sukanya Samridhhi Yojana.
Women Empowerment Schemes
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
- One Stop Centre Scheme
- Women Helpline Scheme
- UJJAWALA : A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
- Working Women Hostel
- Ministry approves new projects under Ujjawala Scheme and continues existing projects
- SWADHAR Greh (A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances)
- NARI SHAKTI PURASKAR
- Awardees of Stree Shakti Puruskar, 2014 & Awardees of Nari Shakti Puruskar
- Awardees of Rajya Mahila Samman & Zila Mahila Samman
- Mahila police Volunteers
- Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK)