G S Paper – 1

UPSC IAS Mains Exam: General Studies Paper-1

The Civil Services Examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service and Indian Police Service.

General Studies 1 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
  • factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
  • Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

 Topic Covered:-

  1. Salient features of world’s physical geography
  2. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  3. Effects of globalization on Indian society
  4. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone
  5. Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society
  6. Distribution of key natural resources across the world
  7. Role of women and women’s organization
  8. Urbanization, their problems and their remedies
  9. Population and associated issues
  10. Poverty and developmental issues
  11. Indian culture: the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
  12. World History: World wars
  13. World History: colonization and de-colonization
  14. World History: Industrial revolution from 18th century

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GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1: UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination – 2018

Instructions

  • Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
  • There are 20 questions printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.
  • Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
  • No marks will be given for answers written in the medium other than authorized one.
  • Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
  • Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank must be struck off clearly.

Questions

  1. Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10)
  2. Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India. (10)
  3. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (10)
  4. Why is the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (10 )
  5. Why is India taking a keen interest in the Arctic region? (10)
  6. Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)
  7. What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? (10)
  8. “Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, the caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. (10)
  9. ‘Despite the implementation of various programmes for the eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty still exists’. Explain by giving reasons. (10)
  10. How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (10)
  11. The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (15)
  12. Discuss whether the formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India. (15)
  13. Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to their colonies? Have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there? (15)
  14. “The ideal solution of depleting groundwater resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? (15)
  15. Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (15)
  16. What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (15)
  17. Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. (15)
  18. ‘Women’s movement in India has not addresses the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (15)
  19. ‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenization but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
  20. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (15)

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Main Exam-2019