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UPSC Prelims 2020: Daily Practice Test – 1

Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020: Practice Test – 1

1. Consider the following statements:

  1. Brahmanism emphasizes on the rites performed by, and the status of priestly class
  2. Brahmanism emerged from Vedanta principles

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 Only

 b) 2 Only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

2. Pratyakṣa (perception), Anumāna (inference) and śabda (Āptavacana, word/testimony of reliable sources) are accepted as the only reliable means of gaining knowledge in which of the following schools of the Hindu philosophy?

 a) Yoga

 b) Samkhya

 c) Nyaya

 d) Both b and c

Solution: d

3. which of the following schools of thought maintained that though events (dharmas) have only momentary existence, there is a transmigrating substratum of consciousness that contains within it seeds of goodness that are in every person?

 a) Sautrantika

 b) Sammitiya

 c) Vaisheshika

 d) None of the above

Solution: a

4. The major form of Buddhism practised in Tibet, China, Korea, and Japan is

 a) Theravada

 b) Vajrayana

 c) Mahayana

 d) Hinayana

Solution: c

5. With reference to Avalokitesvara, consider the following statements:

  1. Avalokitesvara is a divine and compassionate depiction of Jina in certain parts of coastal Karnataka
  2. Avalokitesvara is the earthly manifestation of the self-born eternal Amitabha (another name for Bahubali)

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 Only

 b) 2 Only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: d

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