Hard ground swamp deer
- Hard ground swamp deer is also known as Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.
- It is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time.
- The species now numbers 800, after five decades of persistent conservation work.
- In 1967, the numbers of swamp deer decreased to 66 due to rampant hunting, habitat loss and diseases.
- The number was estimated at around 551 in 1953.
- The deer was brought back from the verge of extinction with the help of a successful breeding programme and conservation practices at the KNPTR.
- Swam deer are already extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
- It is now found only in south- western Nepal and central and northeastern India.
- There are three subspecies of swamp deer found in the Indian Subcontinent.
- The western swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) found in Nepal,
- Southern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii branderi) found in central and
- North India and eastern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii ranjitsinhi) found in the Kaziranga and Dudhwa National Parks.
Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR)
- KNPTR is on the Maikal range of the Satpura hills.
- It is spread over an area of 940 square kilometres between Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
- The swamp deer is endemic to KNPTR.