UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Hard ground swamp deer

Hard ground swamp deer

  • Hard ground swamp deer is also known as Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time.
  • The species now numbers 800, after five decades of persistent conservation work.
  • In 1967, the numbers of swamp deer decreased to 66 due to rampant hunting, habitat loss and diseases.
  • The number was estimated at around 551 in 1953.
  • The deer was brought back from the verge of extinction with the help of a successful breeding programme and conservation practices at the KNPTR.
  • Swam deer are already extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • It is now found only in south- western Nepal and central and northeastern India.
  • There are three subspecies of swamp deer found in the Indian Subcontinent.
  1. The western swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) found in Nepal,
  2. Southern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii branderi) found in central and
  3. North India and eastern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii ranjitsinhi) found in the Kaziranga and Dudhwa National Parks.

Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR)

  • KNPTR is on the Maikal range of the Satpura hills.
  • It is spread over an area of 940 square kilometres between Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The swamp deer is endemic to KNPTR.
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