UPSC Prelims Current Affairs Quiz – 30-04-2020

Practice Important Current Affairs and Static Questions for IAS Prelims 2020 General Studies Paper I (GS), Are you preparing for UPSC IAS Prelims 2020? Have a look at these questions that cover sections like Current affairs, Geography, History, Polity, Economy, Science, Technology, Culture, Environment, and others. We have provided 10- Important Current Affairs and Static General Studies Model Test Paper along with their answers and explanations. UPSC Prelims Current Affairs Quiz – 30-04-2020

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UPSC Prelims Current Affairs Quiz – 30-04-2020

1) Consider the following statements with respect to 11th Petersberg Virtual Climate Dialogue

  1. The U.A.E host the 11th Petersberg Climate Dialogue and co-chaired by Germany and the UK.
  2. The dialogue has been hosted by Germany since 2010 to provide a forum for informal high-level political discussions.
  3. India participated in the virtual conference.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  2 only
  • b.  1 and 2 only
  • c.  2 and 3 only
  • d.  1, 2 and 3

Answer : c

  • The eleventh and first ever virtual Petersberg Climate Dialogue was recently held.
  • Germany chaired the virtual Petersberg Climate Dialogue held on April, 2020.
  • Representing India in the first virtual Petersberg Climate Dialogue, Mr Javadekar stressed on the issue of climate finance and said the world now needs more. He said, we must plan for 1 trillion dollar in grants to developing world immediately.

Petersberg Climate Dialogue

  • The first virtual climate dialogue, was the eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue which has been hosted by Germany since 2010 to provide a forum for informal high-level political discussions, focusing both on international climate negotiations and the advancement of climate action.
  • The Dialogue was co-chaired by Germany and United Kingdom, the incoming Presidency of 26th Conference of Parties (COP 26) to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • The Dialogue is of particular importance this year as COP26, originally scheduled for November, has been postponed to an unknown date in 2021 due to the coronavirus outbreak.

2) Consider the following statements

  1. He was born into aristocracy at Kilimanoor in the erstwhile Travancore state of present-day Kerala, and was closely related to its royal family. 
  2. In 1904, the British colonial government awarded Varma with the Kaiser-i-Hind Gold Medal.
  3. His most famous works include Damayanti Talking to a Swan, Shakuntala Looking for Dushyanta, Nair Lady Adorning Her Hair, and Shantanu and Matsyagandha.
  4. In 2013, a crater on the planet Mercury was named in his honour.

Identify the character who correctly matches with the above description:

  • a.  Ravi Varma
  • b.  Pazhassi Raja
  • c.  Maqbool Fida Husain
  • d.  Vallathol Narayana Menon

Answer : a

  • April 29 is the birth anniversary of the famed Indian painter Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906), remembered for giving Indians their western, classical representations of Hindu gods and goddesses. 
  • Through his printing press, Varma’s humanised depiction of Hindu pantheon travelled beyond the surfaces of costly canvases, and into the prayer and living rooms of working-class homes.
  • A prolific artist, Varma is believed to have made around 7,000 paintings before his death at the age of 58.
  • His most famous works include Damayanti Talking to a Swan, Shakuntala Looking for Dushyanta, Nair Lady Adorning Her Hair, and Shantanu and Matsyagandha.

Raja Ravi Varma

  • Varma was born into aristocracy at Kilimanoor in the erstwhile Travancore state of present-day Kerala, and was closely related to its royal family.
  • In 1904, the British colonial government awarded Varma with the Kaiser-i-Hind Gold Medal.
  • In 2013, a crater on the planet Mercury was named in his honour.

3) Consider the following statements with respect to US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)

  1. It is an independent, bipartisan U.S. government advisory body which monitors religious freedom abroad and makes policy recommendations.
  2. It categorised India as a “Country of Particular Concern” on religious freedom for the first time since 2004.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

  • The US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has designated India as a “Country of Particular Concern” (CPC) in its annual report of 2020.

USCIRF

  • It is an independent, bipartisan U.S. government advisory body, separate from the State Department, that monitors religious freedom abroad and makes policy recommendations to the president, secretary of state, and Congress.
  • Established by the US Government in 1998 after the inaction of the International Religious Freedom Act, recommendations of USCIRF are non-binding to the State Department.
  • Traditionally, India does not recognise the view of the USCIRF and has not allowed members to visit the country.

4) Consider the following statements with respect to Mid-day Meal Scheme

  1. It is a Centrally-Sponsored Scheme, aimed at increasing enrolment, retention and attendance of students in schools.
  2. The Scheme comes under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resources Development.
  3. The scheme covers all government and government aided schools and also Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  • a.  1 and 2 only
  • b.  1 and 3 only
  • c.  2 and 3 only
  • d.  1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

  • Union Government has recently announced around 11 per cent increase in annual central allocation of cooking cost under Mid-day meal scheme to eight thousand 100 crore rupees in view of situation arising out of COVID-19.

Mid-day Meal Scheme

  • It is a Centrally-Sponsored Scheme, aimed at increasing enrolment, retention and attendance of students in schools.
  • The Midday Meal Scheme comes under the HRD Ministry’s Department of School Education and Literacy.
  • The scheme covers all government and government aided schools and also Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).
  • The cooking cost per child per day has been increased from four rupees 48 paise to four rupees 97 paise for students of Class one to Class five.
  • For students of Class six to Class eight, the cooking cost per child per day has been increased from six rupees 71 paise to seven rupees 45 paise.
  • According to HRD Ministry, the approval is also being given for providing mid-day meal during summer holidays of schools, on which an additional expenditure of about 1600 crores will be made.

5) “Migration and Development Brief” is a report published by?

  • a.  World Bank
  • b.  World Economic Forum
  • c.  International Labour Organisation
  • d.  International Organization for Migration

Answer : a

  • Migration and Development Briefs are prepared by the Migration and Remittances Unit, Development Economics (DEC), World Bank.
  • The brief aims to provide an update on key developments in the area of migration and remittance flows and related policies over the past six months.
  • India, the country that received the most remittances in the world, $79 billion in 2018, according to the World Bank’s Migration and Development Brief.

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