World Drug Report

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World Drug Report

  • It is released by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
  • It is an annual publication that analyzes market trends, compiling detailed statistics on drug markets.
  • According to recent report, in the last five years about 84% of the global opium production came from Afghanistan.
  • The fourth highest seizure of opium in 2018 was reported from India, after Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • In terms of heroin seizure (1.3 tones), India was at the 12th position in the world.
  • Again, Iran reported the highest seizure of heroin, followed by Turkey, United States, China, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • The main opiate trafficking flows originate from three key production areas – Afghanistan, Myanmar-Laos and Mexico-Colombia-Guatemala.

Opium and Heroin

  • Opium (or poppy tears) is dried latex obtained from the seed capsules of the opium poppy.
  • Approximately 12 percent of opium is made up of the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically to produce heroin and other synthetic opioids for medicinal use and for illegal drug trade.
  • For the illegal drug trade, the morphine is extracted from the opium latex, reducing the bulk weight by 88%.
  • It is then converted to heroin which is almost twice as potent, the reduced weight and bulk make it easier to smuggle.
  • The global area under opium poppy is at similar level of the global area under coca cultivation.
  • Asia, which is host to more than 90% of global illicit opium production and the world’s largest consumption market for opiates.

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